What Causes Bunion?

Bunion as commonly known or hallux abducto valgus as usually referred in medical term is a deformity characterized by enlargement of the joint base of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe. Bunions occur as a result of misalignment of bones and when the pressure is applied to fall unevenly on the joints and tendons to the side of the big toe.

Photo courtesy of http://rhinebeckfootcare.com/
There are several other reasons attributes bunions some primarily is caused by tight, high-heeled, too narrow and ill-fitted shoes. Genetic factors can also be considered as of the reasons that causes bunions.

Signs and Symptoms:
Deformity and enlargement of the big toe joint that usually causes pain, redness, swelling and tenderness in the area around the joint.


There are surgical and non-surgical treatments. Surgical treatment is used by removing the abnormal bony enlargement and the realignment of the bones of the joint. This method of bunion surgery is called bunionectomy. There are many types of surgery to this operation depending on the degree and factors of deformity.

A non-surgical treatment includes cushioning the area with padding or tape or wearing custom orthotics to provide better movement and stability of the foot. Wearing well-fitted shoes may also prevent bunions. Stretching exercises are sometimes prescribed to reduced tension on the inner part of the joint of a bunion. There is available bunion corrector or bunion pad that you can purchase to correct, and ease bunion pain. When non-surgical methods do not provide relief, surgery may be needed.

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